Article: Trap, Neuter, Vaccinate, and Release (TNVR) Programs

Trap, Neuter, Vaccinate, and Return (TNVR) Programs

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About TNVR in Our Community

Overview of Issue Impacts

Trap-Neuter-Vaccinate-Return (TNVR) is the process of trapping feral and community cats, having them neutered or spayed and vaccinated, ear-tipped and returning them to their home location (or putting them up for adoption, if possible). TNVR programs are important – through this approach, the number of unwanted cats can be greatly reduced, which in turn lowers the intake and euthanasia rates at animal shelters and rescues. This saves and redirects tax dollars, and also makes more space at adoption centers for other cats. Additionally. TNVR practices address the public health concern about rabies and reduce annoying behaviors such as cats fighting and spraying. (1)

Populations Affected by Issue

TNVR benefits all community cats, whether they happen to be feral or strays. Feral cats are free-roaming cats that have developed a natural apprehension of humans. Most ferals are the result of abandonment and failure to spay/neuter. These kitties can be “wild” and very comfortable where they are, so they wouldn’t adjust properly for indoor life like many other cats would. On the other hand, stray cats are more friendly, curious about people, and are more easily socialized for adoption.

It’s important to note that managing the number of unhoused cats also helps the environment. Domestic cats are an invasive species, and their natural predatory instincts can wreak havoc on the local birds, mammals, and other wildlife. Additionally, their presence can disrupt nesting habits and their waste can contaminate the environment and endanger other animals. (2)

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Additional Resources

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Page Contributors

Thank you to the following contributors:

  • Spring 2020:
    • Leanna Y.

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Last updated April 2021

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